Objective: Two players (with 16 pieces each) play against each other. The ultimate aim in the game of chess is to win by trapping your opponent's king. (This is called checkmate - more on this later.)

Chess Game Rules:

- White pieces moves first. Each player takes turns moving one piece or pawn at a time.
- Each type of piece has its own method of movement (described in the following sections). A piece may be moved to another position or may capture an opponent's piece. This is done by landing on the appropriate square with the moving piece and removing the defending piece from play.
- With the exception of the knight, a piece may not move over or through any of the other pieces.
How Pieces Move and Capture:

- Pawn: Pawns cannot move backward or sideways, but must move one step straight ahead. To capture the opponent the Pawn must move diagonally forward.
- Rook: Shaped like a castle, moves any number of squares either in a horizontal or vertical direction only.
- Knights: Moves one step forward and then turns to take two steps further or moves two steps forward and then turns to take one step further.
- Bishops: The bishop may move any number of squares in a diagonal direction and capture the opponent's piece that lies in his path.
- Queens: Moves across any number of squares and in any direction. The queen can capture in the same way that she moves, replacing the unlucky opposing piece that’s in her way.
- King: Moves one step in any direction.

Special Moves:

1. En Passant: The first time a pawn is moved, it may move forward two squares as long as there are no obstructing pieces. Should a pawn get all the way across the board to reach the opponent's edge of the table, it will be promoted. The pawn may now become any piece that the moving player desires (except a king or pawn).
2. Castling: King moves 2 spaces horizontal and rook nearest to the King’s new position moves to the opposite side of the King.